What you need to know

Map of Omsk- Russia

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Omsk is a city and the administrative center of Omsk Oblast, Russia, located in southwestern Siberia 2,236 kilometers (1,389 mi) from Moscow. With a population of 1,154,116, it is Russia’s second-largest city east of the Ural Mountains after Novosibirsk, and seventh by size nationally.

During the Imperial era, Omsk was the seat of the Governor General of Western Siberia, and later of the Governor General of the Steppes. For a brief period during the Russian Civil War in 1918–1920, it served as the capital of the anti-Bolshevik Russian State and held the imperial gold reserves.

Omsk is the administrative center of the Siberian Cossack Host. It also serves as the see of the bishop of Omsk and Tara, as well as the administrative seat of the Imam of Siberia.

Population : 1,154,116

In Omsk more than three quarters of the residents are Russians, the population of the city being over one million. In the city you can also find people of Kazakh, Ukrainian or German ethnicity. The most prevalent religion in the city is the Orthodox faith. Many locals are Lutheran and Muslim, and more than 5% of the city population declared themselves atheists.


The official language that is spoken in the city of Omsk is the Russian. However, in the city of Omsk you will meet many locals that speak German and Ukrainian. In the hotels, shops and restaurants employees know very well English.


Currency in Omsk,  is Ruble (RUB)

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Omsk stretches along the banks of the north-flowing Irtysh at its confluence with the smaller Om River. The city has an elevation of 87 meters (285 ft) above mean sea level at its highest point.

Omsk is an important railroad hub, and is the junction point for the northern and southern branches of the Trans-Siberian Railway. The city also serves as a major hub for the regional highway network. River-port facilities handle both passengers and freight, giving the city access to navigating the extensive waterways of the Irtysh and Ob River. The waterways connect Omsk with the coal and mineral-mining towns further up the river in Kazakhstan, as well as with the oil, natural gas and lumber operations of northern Siberia. Omsk is served by the Tsentralny Airport, which offers access to domestic and international (primarily, German and Kazakh) destinations, making the city an important aviation hub for Siberia and the Russian Far East.


The climate is dry and continental, characterized by dramatic swings of weather. Average daily temperatures, taken over the past three decades, are +20 °C (68 °F) for July and −17 °C (1 °F) for January, although temperatures can reach +40 °C (104 °F) in the summer and drop to −45 °C (−49 °F) in the winter. On average, Omsk sees over 300 sunny days a year. The average annual precipitation is 415 millimeters (16.3 in).

Traditional food in Omsk

In the city of Omsk, surprisingly, a traditional food is the Chinese duck decorated with fresh vegetables. Regarding meat, most of the residents in the area consume sheep. On Sundays they prepare other meats as well, they make grilled steak, meat and vegetable stews, a large variety of borsch, cabbage and all sorts of sweet soups. The inhabitants of the city of Omsk eat especially rye bread.

Regarding desserts, the people of this area are not demanding, yet they prefer more the homemade products. The donuts and pancakes with honey, jams of any kind of fruit and the chocolate cake are sweets that are not missing from the tables of housewives in Omsk. The drink that is consumed very much in winter is the traditional Russian vodka and red wine made in local cellars, and in the summer time they drink large quantities of cold beer.


Omsk is a major rail, road, and air hub. The city is served by a station on the Trans-Siberian Railroad, and by the Tsentralny Airport. Additionally, Omsk possesses a river port on the Irtysh, offering service to dome

Municipal Transport consists of a large bus and trolley, and tram networks, although the latter of these has deteriorated severely since the collapse of the USSR. marshrutkas (shared taxis) supplement municipal transit networks.

A subway system, proposed in the late 1980s, but postponed for lack of funds, is currently under construction, with the Metro bridge over the Irtysh River. The bridge is already opened for cars (upper level), but the metro (lower level) is still under construction. As a first step, one short line will connect the districts in the northwest with the city center. The first line of the Omsk metro is currently under construction.